The dedicated Work Package for this task is WP3 – Infrastructure and Capacity building. The Action Plan for this activity entails the acquisition of sensing infrastructure and commercial software, as well as the building of IAASARS/NOA research capacity, that will complement existing capabilities, allowing IAASARS/NOA to compete on equal terms with leading European research entities and participate in international and European ground-based networks.

Building Infrastructure Capacity

Infrastructure capacity: Integrated use of EO data, products and services will be designed, developed, and deployed in Greece during and after BEYOND, through the establishment of the necessary infrastructure and operational systems for natural disaster monitoring. Both at the hardware and software level, acquired infrastructure will foster access to the use, retrieval, development and analysis of EO data, products and services from global data systems, for decision making. This will be achieved by the installation and operation of important infrastructural components (e.g. ground-segment acquisition facilities, Lidar station, spectrometer, geomagnetometers) and the software upgrade (e.g. Sarmap), in synergy with existing capacity resources and observational networks (e.g. MSG/SEVIRI, NOAA/AVHRR, seismographic, GPS, meteo, atmospheric, and other networks, etc) available at IAASARS/NOA and its twining partnering organisations. Modeling tools available to partner institutions (King’s College, NILU, Serbia, BSC, LATUV, IMAA) that will be optimized for south-eastern Europe within BEYOND, will expand forecast capabilities of the system regarding fire progression, smoke dispersion, weather forecast, extreme geophysical and atmospheric events and dust forecasts. Finally, the ground-based instrumentation to be acquired will ensure the quality evaluation of the EO data and related forecasts and higher level products that will be provided by BEYOND. This will be achieved by in-situ EO data/products/services evaluation studies that will be conducted using existing and new acquired, state-of-the-art scientific instrumentation (e.g. mobile lidar, mobile Air Quality station, meteorological and seismological-GPS networks). The upgraded fleet of infrastructure will bring integration and sustainability of IAASARS/NOA in European networks (e.g. the ground-based ACTRIS network - www.actris.net, EARLINET – www.earlinet.org, AERONET – aeronet.gsfc.nasa.gov), further promoting exchange of personnel via transnational action proposals within the networks, and will strengthen the Institute's potential participation in calibration/validation campaigns (e.g. via GMES, EUMETSAT, ESA projects) for future satellite missions. To this respect, IMAA/CNR will assist on the participation of IAASARS/NOA, being the coordinator of these networks.

The proposed upgrades are listed below:

Ground Segment EO infrastructure 1
  • Ground Segment EO

    infrastructure for satellite data acquisition

      Upgrade the IAASARS/NOA Ground Segment for satellite data acquisition with reference to missions as MODIS, NPP (VIIRS, ATMS, etc), NOAA, the FYI, the MetOP, and future NPOESS satellites, and ESA Sentinel missions satellite data. Benefits for ISARS/NOA:

      • Creation of high level EO infrastructure with significant national/regional impact to Southeastern Europe and Balkan countries facilitating the access of stakeholders to space based observations, and value added environmental monitoring products assisting decision making and assessments in disaster management.
      • Perform real-time satellite data reception at middle and high resolution, a valuable input to many disaster management operations (e.g. fire emergency, heat waves, earthquakes, volcanoes, etc), rescue operations, and damage assessment.
      • Populating the data bases with long series of satellite observations and creation of large image archives extending the coverage to a larger geographic area over Europe and surrounding countries, by integrating the IAASARS/NOA acquisition facilities as above with the ones operated by the partnering organizations.

    • Ground Segment EO

      infrastructure for satellite data acquisition

        Benefits for ISARS/NOA:

        • Development of many different space based services as atmospheric services, e.g. example aerosol pollution indexes, dust and volcanic ash alerts, smoke dispersion forecasts, fire services, earthquake/volcanic geophysical activity monitoring, extreme weather event related services, etc.
        • Generation of land surface temperature maps in various spatial and temporal and heat wave alerts.

      Light Detection And Ranging system 2
      • LIDAR

        Development of a Light Detection And Ranging (LiDAR) system

          Development of a Light Detection And Ranging (LiDAR) system, specially designed to monitor atmospheric episodes in 24/7 basis and support via ground-truth observations the validation of atmospheric models and satellite products to be developed within BEYOND. Benefits for ISARS/NOA:

          • Enhance the lidar-related activities of IAASARS/NOA and permit its inclusion in ESA satellite cal/val activities related to future space-borne lidar missions (Earth Explorers ADM-Aeolus and EarthCARE).
          • Participate in European and Global lidar networks (EARLINET and WMO-GALION respectively).
          • Participate in ACTRIS European Research Infrastructure, currently integrated in ESFRI roadmap.
          • Increase the research potential of the team through participation in field campaigns.

        • LIDAR

          Development of a Light Detection And Ranging (LiDAR) system

            Benefits for ISARS/NOA:

            • The prototype lidar will constitute a major capacity upgrade of the fleet of atmospheric infrastructure of IAASARS/NOA to be used for decision making on mitigation and adaptation measures regarding atmospheric hazard consequences on public health and life quality
            • The new infrastructure will allow the implementation of scientific studies related to: in-depth aerosol and cloud characterization; discrimination of natural from anthropogenic pollution in order to assess the man-made impact on climate change; development of a consolidated aerosol/cloud optical database for space-borne lidar applications; optimization of desert dust and smoke dispersion models.

          ENIGMA 3
          • ENIGMA

            Expand ENIGMA magnetometer network

              Expand ENIGMA magnetometer network with a new suspended overhauser magnetometer delta inclination/delta declination (dIdD) observatory system and a super gradiometer (SG) system that is designed for earthquake prediction applications.

            Field Spectrometer 4
            • Field Spectrometer

              Spectrometric measurement of trace gases

                Purchase of a field Spectrometer with a compact, versatile module for use in open path monitoring systems, suitable for spectrometric measurement of trace gases from vegetation fires in order to determine emission ratios and emission factors and to support greenhouse and reactive gas emissions inventories.

              SARScape 5
              • SARScape

                SAR data process

                  Purchase SARScape software, a sophisticated COTS product that is capable to effectively manage and process Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) data, originating from a variety of available sensors.

                Forest Fire Simulation Software 6
                • Forest Fire Simulation

                  Simulate the fire propagation

                    Forest Fire Simulation Software Developers Kit (SDK), which will provide to IAASARS/NOA the capability to simulate the fire propagation at time intervals where MODIS real-time data are not available or any other interval specified by the user, by providing direct feeding to the smoke propagation model.

                  UHI Patterns extraction 7
                  • UHI Patterns extraction

                    Build and populate a relevant UHI database

                      UHI Patterns extraction SDK that will offer the ability to build and populate a relevant UHI database to improve the insight into possible climatic trends and comparison between south-eastern European cities, and to map hazard and risk during heat wave events.

                    GIS software 8
                    • GIS Software

                      ArcGIS, ENVI

                        ArcGIS Desktop, Server & Online, and ENVI two COTS software products necessary to conduct research and generate products related to disaster monitoring.

                      IT supporting harware 9
                      • IT supporting hardware

                        ...other auxiliary Data procurement

                          IT supporting hardware and other auxiliary Data procurement.

                        M6 - Launched Activities

                        • An international tender for the installation of a satellite Ground Segment with reference to  MODIS, NPP, NOAA, FYI, MetOP, future NPOESS satellites, and ESA Sentinels missions.
                        • Contracted the development of a Light Detection And Ranging (LiDAR) system, especially designed to monitor atmospheric episodes.
                        • Purchased a new suspended overhauser magnetometer to be integrated with the existing NOA-ENIGMA magnetometer network.
                        • Commissioned advanced software packages including the Urban Heat Island Patterns extraction SDK, SARscape toolkit for processing Synthetic Aperture Radar imagery, and licenses for the well-established s/w products MATLAB, ArcGIS Desktop/Server, and Envi .
                        • Procured several workstations, data processing units and associated hardware facilities for the support of the new research staff.